BORDEAUX CLASSIFICATIONS

BORDEAUX CLASSIFICATIONS

Dec 06, 2022Megan Carty

GRANDS CRUS CLASSÉS EN 1855 MÉDOC & SAUTERNES

The history of this classification
At the Exposition Universelle of 1855 in Paris, Emperor Napoleon III asked each wine region to establish a classification.

The turning point
The Bordeaux Chamber of Commerce and Industry, founded in 1705, began that process for the Gironde.

Criteria
Reputation of the wines and their transaction prices

Special labeling
This classification included only red wines from the Médoc, the Sauternes and Barsac sweet white wines, and one Graves red cru.

THE CATEGORIES
For reds:

60 crus from the Médoc and 1 cru from Pessac-Léognan (Château Haut-Brion) based on five categories: 5 Premiers Crus, 14 Deuxièmes Crus, 14 Troisièmes Crus, 10 Quatrièmes Crus, 18 Cinquièmes Crus.

For sweet whites:
27 crus of the Sauternes and Barsac appellations: 1 Premier Cru Supérieur, 11 Premiers Crus, 15 Deuxièmes Crus.

Sole revision:
In 1973, the promotion of Château Mouton Rothschild from the rank of Deuxième Grands Cru Classé to that of Premier Grand Cru Classé (Médoc).

PREMIERS CRUS
Château Haut-Brion, Pessac, AOC Pessac-Léognan

Château Lafite-Rothschild, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Latour, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Margaux, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Mouton Rothschild, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

DEUXIÈMES CRUS
Château Brane-Cantenac, Cantenac, AOC Margaux

Château Cos-d’Estournel, Saint-Estèphe, AOC Saint-Estèphe

Château Ducru-Beaucaillou, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Durfort-Vivens, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Gruaud-Larose, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Lascombes, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Léoville-Barton, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Léoville-Las-Cases, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Léoville-Poyferré, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Montrose, Saint-Estèphe, AOC Saint-Estèphe

Château Pichon-Longueville-Baron-de-Pichon, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Pichon-Longueville-Comtesse-de-Lalande, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Rauzan-Ségla, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Rauzan-Gassies, Margaux, AOC Margaux

TROISIÈMES CRUS
Château Boyd-Cantenac, Cantenac, AOC Margaux

Château Calon-Ségur, Saint-Estèphe, AOC Saint-Estèphe

Château Cantenac-Brown, Cantenac, AOC Margaux

Château Desmirail, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Ferrière, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Giscours, Labarde, AOC Margaux

Château d’Issan, Cantenac, AOC Margaux

Château Kirwan, Cantenac, AOC Margaux

Château Lagrange, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château La Lagune, Ludon, AOC Haut-Médoc

Château Langoa-Barton, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Malescot-Saint-Exupéry, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Marquis-d’Alesme, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Palmer, Cantenac, AOC Margaux

QUATRIÈMES CRUS
Château Beychevelle, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Branaire-Ducru, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Duhart-Milon, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Lafon-Rochet, Saint-Estèphe, AOC Saint-Estèphe

Château Marquis-de-Terme, Margaux, AOC Margaux

Château Pouget, Cantenac, AOC Margaux

Château Prieuré-Lichine, Cantenac, AOC Margaux

Château Saint-Pierre, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château Talbot, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle, AOC Saint-Julien

Château La Tour-Carnet, Saint-Laurent-de-Médoc, AOC Haut-Médoc

CINQUIÈMES CRUS
Château d’Armailhac, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Batailley, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Belgrave, Saint-Laurent-de-Médoc, AOC Haut-Médoc

Château Camensac, Saint-Laurent-de-Médoc, AOC Haut-Médoc

Château Cantemerle, Macau, AOC Haut-Médoc

Château Clerc-Milon, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Cos-Labory, Saint-Estèphe, AOC Saint-Estèphe

Château Croizet-Bages, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Dauzac, Labarde, AOC Margaux

Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Haut-Bages-Libéral, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Haut-Batailley, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Lynch-Bages, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Lynch-Moussas, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Pédesclaux, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château Pontet-Canet, Pauillac, AOC Pauillac

Château du Tertre, Arsac, AOC Margaux

For sweet white wines, the classification has 26 Sauternes and Barsac crus, distributed as follows:

PREMIER CRU SUPÉRIEUR
Château d’Yquem, Sauternes, AOC Sauternes

PREMIERS CRUS
Château Climens, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Clos Haut-Peyraguey, Bommes, AOC Sauternes

Château Coutet, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Château Guiraud, Sauternes, AOC Sauternes

Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey, Bommes, AOC Sauternes

Château Rabaud-Promis, Bommes, AOC Sauternes

Château Rayne-Vigneau, Bommes, AOC Sauternes

Château Rieussec, Fargues-de-Langon, AOC Sauternes

Château Sigalas-Rabaud, Bommes, AOC Sauternes

Château Suduiraut, Preignac, AOC Sauternes

Château La Tour-Blanche, Bommes, AOC Sauternes

DEUXIÈMES CRUS
Château d’Arche, Sauternes, AOC Sauternes

Château Broustet, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Château Caillou, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Château Doisy-Daëne, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Château Doisy-Dubroca, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Château Doisy-Védrines, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Château Filhot, Sauternes, AOC Sauternes

Château Lamothe (Despujols), Sauternes, AOC Sauternes

Château Lamothe-Guignard, Sauternes, AOC Sauternes

Château de Malle, Preignac, AOC Sauternes

Château de Myrat, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Château Nairac, Barsac, AOC Barsac

Château Romer-du-Hayot, Fargues-de-Langon, AOC Sauternes

Château Romer, Fargues-de-Langon, AOC Sauternes

Château Suau, Barsac, AOC Barsac

The Sauternes and Barsac crus classés also have significant economic importance, as they cover 45% of the surface area of ​​their appellation and are responsible for 30% of its production.

www.crus-classes.com

 

LES CRUS CLASSÉS DE GRAVES

The history of this classification
In 1953, at the request of the Syndicat de défense de l’appellation des Graves, the Institut national des appellations d’origine (INAO) established this classification.

Criteria
By municipality and wine type (red or white).

Special labeling
Only one classification level, no hierarchy; this classification is not subject to revision.

16 Crus, all of which belong to the AOC Pessac-Léognan: 7 red, 3 white, 6 red and white.

Château Haut-Brion, did you know that this is the only Bordeaux wine to be classified twice? It appeared in both the Graves classification and the Grands Crus Classés en 1855.

THE CHATEAUX:

Château Bouscaut, Cadaujac, rouge et blanc

Château Carbonnieux, Léognan, rouge et blanc

Domaine de Chevalier, Léognan, rouge et blanc

Château Couhins, Villenave-d’Ornon, blanc

Château Couhins-Lurton, Villenave-d’Ornon, blanc

Château de Fieuzal, Léognan, rouge

Château Haut-Bailly, Léognan, rouge

Château Haut-Brion, Pessac (également Premier Cru classé en 1855), rouge 

Château Latour-Martillac, Martillac, rouge et blanc

Château Laville-Haut-Brion, Talence, blanc

Château Malartic-Lagravière, Léognan, rouge et blanc

Château La Mission-Haut-Brion, Talence, rouge

Château Olivier, Léognan, rouge et blanc

Château Pape-Clément, Pessac, rouge

Château Smith-Haut-Lafite, Martillac, rouge

Château La Tour-Haut-Brion, Talence, rouge

www.crus-classes-de-graves.com

 

THE SAINT-EMILION CLASSIFICATION

82 crus in the AOC Saint-Émilion classification

The history of this classification
Starting in 1954, at the request of the Syndicat de défense de l’appellation Saint-Émilion, the Institut national des appellations d’origine (INAO) began the classification of crus of this appellation

Special labeling
The decree states that the INAO must revise the classification every ten years. Six classifications have been established since 1954.

Criteria
The sixth and final classification, published on September 6, 2012, resulted from a new procedure, entirely under the authority of the INAO, with the assistance of the Ministries of Agriculture and Consumption.

THE CATEGORIES

The 2012 classification names 82 estates: 64 Grands Crus classés and 18 Premiers Grands Crus classés

PREMIERS GRANDS CRUS CLASSÉS
Château Angélus (A)

Château Ausone (A)

Château Beau-Séjour (héritiers Duffau-Lagarrosse)

Château Beau-Séjour-Bécot

Château Bél Air-Monange

Château Canon

Château Canon la Gaffelière

Château Cheval Blanc (A)

Château Figeac

Clos Fourtet

Château la Gaffelière

Château Larcis Ducasse

La Mondotte

Château Pavie (A)

Château Pavie Macquin

Château Troplong Mondot

Château Trottevieille

Château Valandraud

GRANDS CRUS CLASSÉS
Château l’Arrosée

Château Balestard la Tonnelle

Château Barde-Haut

Château Bellefont-Belcier

Château Bellevue

Château Berliquet

Château Cadet-Bon

Château Cap de Mourlin

Château le Chatelet

Château Chauvin

Château Clos de Sarpe

Château la Clotte

Château la Commanderie

Château Corbin

Château Côte de Baleau

Château la Couspaude

Château Dassault

Château Destieux

Château la Dominique

Château Faugères

Château Faurie de Souchard

Château de Ferrand

Château Fleur Cardinale

Château La Fleur Morange Mathilde

Château Fombrauge

Château Fonplégade

Château Fonroque

Château Franc Mayne

Château Grand Corbin

Château Grand Corbin-Despagne

Château Grand Mayne

Château les Grandes Murailles

Château Grand-Pontet

Château Guadet

Château Haut Sarpe

Clos des Jacobins

Couvent des Jacobins

Château Jean Faure

Château Laniote

Château Larmande

Château Laroque

Château Laroze Clos la Madeleine

Château la Marzelle

Château Monbousquet

Château Moulin du Cadet

Clos de l’Oratoire

Château Pavie Decesse

Château Peby Faugères

Château Petit Faurie de Soutard

Château de Pressac

Château le Prieuré

Château Quinault l’Enclos

Château Ripeau

Château Rochebelle

Château Saint-Georges-Cote-Pavie

Clos Saint-Martin

Château Sansonnet

Château la Serre

Château Soutard

Château Tertre Daugay

Château la Tour Figeac

Château Villemaurine

Château Yon-Fig

www.vins-saint-emilion.com

 

THE CRUS BOURGEOIS CLASSIFICATION

 AOC Crus Bourgeois du Médoc

The history of this classification.
The term Cru Bourgeois became established through sheer use, as it dates back to the Middle Ages, when the citizens (bourgeois), residents of the “burgh” (bourg) of Bordeaux, acquire the region’s best lands and were subsequently granted this designation.

The turning point
In 1932, the Crus Bourgeois were grouped in a list established by the Bordeaux wine merchants, under the aegis of the Bordeaux Chamber of Commerce of and the Gironde Chamber of Agriculture.

Criteria
The quality and value of red wines produced in one of the eight Médoc appellations: Médoc, Haut-Médoc, Listrac, Moulis, Margaux, Saint-Julien, Pauillac, and Saint-Estèphe.

Special labeling
An evolving classification: Since 2010, the official selection has been published annually in September.

THE CHOSEN ESTATES

Each year, between 240 and 260 properties, often family-owned, form the Alliance des Crus Bourgeois, accounting for more than 40% of the Médoc’s production.

 

THE CRUS ARTISANS CLASSIFICATION

36 AOC Crus Artisans du Médoc

The history of this classification.
In the Médoc, the term “Crus Artisans” has officially existed for over 150 years: these small wineries often belonged to craftsmen, such as coopers, wheelwrights, and blacksmiths.

The turning point
This distinction found new life in 1989 with the founding of the Syndicat des Crus artisans du Médoc. They are “autonomous, small- and medium-sized estates at which the manager is actively involved in the operations of his/her vineyard, produces AOC wines, and sells the production that is bottled at the château.”

Criteria
The quality and value of wines produced on small properties  in one of the eight Médoc appellations: Médoc, Haut-Médoc, Listrac, Moulis, Margaux, Saint-Julien, Pauillac, and Saint-Estèphe.

Special labeling
In 1994, European regulations reintroduced this designation and authorized a “Cru Artisan” mention on the wine’s main label.

THE CHOSEN ESTATES
36 properties, the names of which were published in the Journal Officiel in 2012. The list is reviewed every 5 years.

 

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